INTRODUCTION: To examine the effect of COVID-19, which caused the pandemic, on anxiety and depression in pregnant women.
METHODS: We analyzed the changes in the anxiety and depression levels of pregnant women before and after the declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic, using the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), which was administered to pregnant women before the oral glucose tolerance test for another study. We compared the BDI-II and BAI scores before and after the pandemic with paired sample t-test in the same pregnant women.
RESULTS: According to the KolmogorovSmirnov test applied to all groups before and after the pandemic, the variables age, gravida, body mass index, number of living children, education level, and gestational diabetes status were in accordance with the normal distribution. When the results of the BDI-II and BAI before and after the pandemic were compared, we found that both anxiety and depression scores increased statistically with the pandemic (p≤0.05).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic not only affects the people physically but also affects pregnant women psychologically.