Zika virus, which has been firstly identified in the Zika Mountains of Uganda in 1947, threatens Brazil, America in particular and the entire world. The most common way of its infection is through mosquitoes and in addition to that it can be transmitted from mother to child and through sexual intercourse. The fact that microcephalia findings have increased in the regions where zika virus is active makes people think that the virus can cause congenital anomalies and neurological syndromes. Although the relationship between zika virus and microcephalia
and anomalies has not been clearly known yet, if there are microcephalia and intracranial calcifications in the baby of a mother who is potentially infected by a zika virus during pregnancy, it is suggested that the baby should be evaluated under the circumstance of zika virus infection. While new reports have been published everyday related to the epidemics caused by this virus, there has not been any case reported in Turkey. Healthcare personnel and nurses bear significant responsibilities on this issue. This compilation study aims at touching upon the process of zika virus infections in the light of contemporary information and presenting latest developments on the potential problems during pregnancy and protective precautions.