E-ISSN 2757-8062
Volume: 55 Issue: 2 Year: 2024

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The effect of personality traits of pregnant women on the COVID-19 stress level [Zeynep Kamil Med J]
Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2024; 55(1): 23-28 | DOI: 10.14744/zkmj.2023.42650

The effect of personality traits of pregnant women on the COVID-19 stress level

Melike Dişsiz1, Beyzanur Işbay2, Büşra Yılmaz3
1Health Sciences University Hamidiye Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Nursing, Istanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey
3University of Health Sciences, Turkey. Istanbul Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children’s Diseases Health Training and Research Center, Postpartum Unit, Istanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to ascertain the effect of personality traits of pregnant women on the stress level related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between March and June 2022 with a sample of 253 pregnant women who met the inclusion criteria. A descriptive information form, COVID-19 stress scale, and the Five-Factor Personality Inventory were utilized to collect data. The statistical significance threshold was set at p<0.05 after data analysis.
RESULTS: The mean age of the pregnant women participating in the study was 29.53±5.49 years, and the average duration of education was 10.76±3.77 years. It was found that 15% of the pregnant women experienced pregnancy-related problems during the pandemic, 23.3% had their pregnancies adversely affected, 25.7% were subjected to social isolation, and 32.4% were placed in quarantine. Pregnant women scored high on the danger and contamination fear subscale of the COVID-19 stress scale. COVID-19 stress levels were significantly higher in pregnant women with introverted and neurotic personality traits (p<0.05) and significantly lower in pregnant women with extraverted and emotionally stable personality traits (p<0.05).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Overall, it can be stated that pregnant women experienced stress related to COVID-19 and that their personality traits influenced their COVID-19 stress levels. Furthermore, stress related to COVID-19 was found to decrease in pregnant women with emotionally stable and extraverted personality traits, while the COVID-19 stress level significantly increased in pregnant women with introverted and neurotic personality traits.

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, personality traits, pregnancy, stress.

Melike Dişsiz, Beyzanur Işbay, Büşra Yılmaz. The effect of personality traits of pregnant women on the COVID-19 stress level. Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2024; 55(1): 23-28

Corresponding Author: Beyzanur Işbay, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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