E-ISSN 2757-8062
Volume: 53 Issue: 4 Year: 2022

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Perception of COVID-19, distress, depression, and anxiety among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic [Zeynep Kamil Med J]
Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2022; 53(4): 213-217 | DOI: 10.14744/zkmj.2022.82653

Perception of COVID-19, distress, depression, and anxiety among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic

Leyla Kaya1, Esra Keleş2, Zahide Kaya3, Neşe Yakşi4
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Türkiye. Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children’s Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Türkiye. Kartal Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
3Department of Internal Medicine, Üsküdar State Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
4Department of Public Health, Amasya University Faculty of Medicine, Amasya, Türkiye

INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between the mental health of pregnant women and their perception of COVID-19 pandemic.
METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, from December to January 2021, stress, anxiety, depression, and perception of causes of COVID-19 were measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and Perception of Causes of COVID-19 Scales.
RESULTS: A total of 300 pregnant women with a median age of 29 years (range: 19–39) were included. Anxiety, depression, and stress and age were mildly correlated (r=0.117, p=0.043). With regard to the development of mental problems in babies due to the COVID-19 pandemic, 43.8% of pregnant women had severe anxiety levels, while 31.3% had no anxiety (p=0.011). Pregnant women who had anxiety about development of anomaly in babies due to COVID-19 pandemic had significantly severe depression levels (p=0.011). Severe stress was found to be higher in pregnant women who had anxiety about miscarriage due to COVID-19 pandemic (p=0.016). No significant correlation was found between the DASS-21 subscales and the perception of causes of COVID-19 subscales.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The present study found that a majority of women experienced elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression caused by COVID-19 pandemic. Pregnant women experienced high levels of depressive symptoms about the development of their baby will be adversely affected by the pandemic. We also found higher levels of stress in pregnant women who were worried about miscarriage due to COVID-19 pandemic. Our research did not find a relationship between the mental well-being of pregnant women and COVID-19 perception.

Keywords: Anxiety, conspiracy theory, covid-19, depression, mental health, pregnancy.

Leyla Kaya, Esra Keleş, Zahide Kaya, Neşe Yakşi. Perception of COVID-19, distress, depression, and anxiety among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2022; 53(4): 213-217

Corresponding Author: Leyla Kaya, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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