Psychiatric disorders are common at women during particularly their reproductive years, when compared to other life periods. It is believed that, pregnancy and postpartum period is not associated with increased incidence of any mental disorder, but the severity of the disorder. Accordingly, pregnancy and postpartum periods may be a time of increased susceptibility to psychiatric disorders such
as anxiety disorder, depression, eating disorder and psychosis. Physiological changes in the body during pregnancy, changes in sexual interest and birth-related anxiety might contribute to mood changes. Besides, somatic complaints, depression and
anxiety symptoms seen in pregnancy are frequently linked to pregnancy-related hormonal and physical changes and can be less commonly diagnosed by physicians, consequently therapies are being delayed. During the pregnancy or postpartum periods of women with a prior history of disease, there is an increased risk of exacerbation of these diseases. Additionally during these periods, the treatment of
certain psychiatric disorders may change or the necessity of amendment in drug doses may arise.Because
studies about the psychiatric disorders in this period have been done in recent years, clinicians have limited data about approaching to the individuals in this period. Given that the neglected therapy of these disorders results in severe impairment of
the mother-baby relationship, it is clear that the issue should be approached with sensitivity. In this review, articles about common psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and postpartum period have been reviewed and suggestions to clinicians about identifying,
interventionsand treatments of these disorders are being made.