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Zeynep Kamil Medical Journal
Evaluation of the relationship between dental caries and urinary tract infections [Zeynep Kamil Med J]
Zeynep Kamil Med J. Ahead of Print: ZKMJ-14632 | DOI: 10.14744/zkmj.2022.14632

Evaluation of the relationship between dental caries and urinary tract infections

Fedli Emre Kılıç1, Habip Almiş2, İbrahim Hakan Bucak3, Mehmet Turgut4
1Department of Pediatrics, Adiyaman Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey.
2Department of Social Pediatrics, Adiyaman University, School of Medicine, Adiyaman, Turkey.
3Department of Pediatric Emergency, Adiyaman University, School of Medicine, Adiyaman, Turkey.
4Department of Pediatrics Infectious Diseases, Adiyaman University, School of Medicine, Adiyaman, Turkey.

INTRODUCTION: The most common infections in childhood and adolescence are the upper respiratory tract and urinary tract infections. Tooth decay is a multifactorial and infectious disease resulting from bacteria multiplying within the mouth and settling on the teeth and gums. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether any relationship exists between tooth decay and urinary tract infections.
METHODS: This study was performed between January and June 2017 at the xx University School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics. One hundred forty-one cases were included. Patients’ age, sex, tooth brushing habits, hematological, biochemical and serological tests, complete urine examination, urine culture, blood culture, urinary system ultrasonography parameters, and numbers of decayed teeth were separately recorded.
RESULTS: Comparison of the cystitis and pyelonephritis groups revealed significantly greater tooth decay in the pyelonephritis group. Escherichia coli was the most common agent in all groups. Positive acute phase reactants such as WBC, CRP, and ESH were high in the group with tooth decay and pyelonephritis, while RBC, Hct, albumin, amylase, calcium, chloride, iron and phosphorus levels were low.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Our study shows a positive association between pyelonephritis and tooth decay. We think that examination in terms of tooth decay among children undergoing pyelonephritis attacks will be beneficial to diagnosis and treatment. Further studies are now needed on this subject.

Keywords: Child, tooth decay, cystitis, pyelonephritis, urinary tract infection



Corresponding Author: Fedli Emre Kılıç, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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