INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of personality traits of pregnant women on the stress level associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.
METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted between 01.03.2022 and 01.06.2022 on a sample of 253 pregnant women who met the inclusion criteria. A descriptive information form, COVID-19 stress scale, and the Five-Factor Personality Inventory were used to collect the data. In the analysis of the data, the statistical significance value was accepted as p<0.05.
RESULTS: The mean age of the pregnant women participating in the study was 29.53±5.49 years, and the duration of education was 10.76±3.77 years. In the study, it was found that 15% of the pregnant women experienced problems related to their pregnancies during the pandemic process, 23.3% had their pregnancy adversely affected, 25.7% were subjected to social isolation, and 32.4% were subjected to quarantine. It was determined that pregnant women scored high in the danger and contamination fear sub-scale of the COVID-19 stress scale. It was observed that the stress levels associated with COVID-19 increased significantly in pregnant women with introverted and neurotic personality traits (p<0.05), and decreased significantly in pregnant women with extraverted and emotional stability personality traits (p<0.05).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Conclusion: It has been concluded that pregnant women experienced stress related to COVID-19 and their personality traits affected the COVID-19 stress level. In addition, it has been found that the stress associated with COVID-19 decreased in pregnant women with emotional stability and extraverted personality traits, and the stress level of COVID-19 increased significantly in pregnant women with introverted and neurotic personality traits.