E-ISSN 2757-8062
Volume : Issue : Year : 2023

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Zeynep Kamil Medical Journal
The Effect of Personality Traits of Pregnant Women on the COVID-19 Stress Level [Zeynep Kamil Med J]
Zeynep Kamil Med J. Ahead of Print: ZKMJ-42650 | DOI: 10.14744/zkmj.2023.42650

The Effect of Personality Traits of Pregnant Women on the COVID-19 Stress Level

Melike Dişsiz1, Beyzanur Isbay2, Büşra Yılmaz3
1Health Sciences University Hamidiye Nursing Faculty
2Istanbul Aydin University, Department Of Nursing
3Zeynep Kamil Women And Children Diseases Training And Research Hospital

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of personality traits of pregnant women on the stress level associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.
METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted between 01.03.2022 and 01.06.2022 on a sample of 253 pregnant women who met the inclusion criteria. A descriptive information form, COVID-19 stress scale, and the Five-Factor Personality Inventory were used to collect the data. In the analysis of the data, the statistical significance value was accepted as p<0.05.
RESULTS: The mean age of the pregnant women participating in the study was 29.53±5.49 years, and the duration of education was 10.76±3.77 years. In the study, it was found that 15% of the pregnant women experienced problems related to their pregnancies during the pandemic process, 23.3% had their pregnancy adversely affected, 25.7% were subjected to social isolation, and 32.4% were subjected to quarantine. It was determined that pregnant women scored high in the danger and contamination fear sub-scale of the COVID-19 stress scale. It was observed that the stress levels associated with COVID-19 increased significantly in pregnant women with introverted and neurotic personality traits (p<0.05), and decreased significantly in pregnant women with extraverted and emotional stability personality traits (p<0.05).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Conclusion: It has been concluded that pregnant women experienced stress related to COVID-19 and their personality traits affected the COVID-19 stress level. In addition, it has been found that the stress associated with COVID-19 decreased in pregnant women with emotional stability and extraverted personality traits, and the stress level of COVID-19 increased significantly in pregnant women with introverted and neurotic personality traits.

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, pregnancy, stress, personality traits



Corresponding Author: Beyzanur Isbay, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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