E-ISSN 2757-8062
Volume : 54 Issue : 3 Year : 2024

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Zeynep Kamil Medical Journal
Mental health of pregnant women during the Delta and Omicron SARS-CoV-2 waves [Zeynep Kamil Med J]
Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2023; 54(3): 137-145 | DOI: 10.14744/zkmj.2023.48751

Mental health of pregnant women during the Delta and Omicron SARS-CoV-2 waves

Esra Keles1, Leyla Kaya2, Zahide Kaya3, Zeynep Çelik2, Neşe Yakşi4
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Türkiye. Kartal Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Türkiye. Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children’s Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
3Department of Internal Medicine, Üsküdar State Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
4Department of Public Health, Amasya University Faculty of Medicine, Amasya, Türkiye

INTRODUCTION: The objective is to investigate whether is there any differences in the mental health of pregnant women during Delta and Omicron COVID-19 waves and to determine the variables related to the symptoms of depression, stress, and anxiety of pregnant women.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to June 2021 (Delta wave) and March to June 2022 (Omicron wave). Pregnant women were evaluated using a questionnaire consisting of sections assessing sociodemographic characteristics, the perceived burden of the COVID-19 pandemic, and psychometric instruments: depression anxiety and stress scales-21 (DASS-21), and perception of causes of COVID-19 scale.
RESULTS: DASS anxiety, depression, and stress subscales scores were higher in the Delta wave than in the Omicron wave (p<0.001). Mothers’ anxiety and fears about their own health and the health of their babies were higher in the Delta wave than in the Omicron wave (p<0.001). DASS symptoms were found to be associated with ed-ucation level, employment, income, and weight gain during pregnancy (all p<0.05).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This study indicated that stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms were higher in pregnant women in the Delta wave than in the Omicron wave. This study recommended the implementation of mental health promotion, prevention, and intervention strategies to support pregnant women during epidemics.

Keywords: COVID-19, Delta wave, depression, mental health, Omicron wave, pregnancy.

Esra Keles, Leyla Kaya, Zahide Kaya, Zeynep Çelik, Neşe Yakşi. Mental health of pregnant women during the Delta and Omicron SARS-CoV-2 waves. Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2023; 54(3): 137-145

Corresponding Author: Esra Keles, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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