E-ISSN 2757-8062
Volume : 54 Issue : 2 Year : 2024

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Zeynep Kamil Medical Journal
Nutritional status and depression during pregnancy [Zeynep Kamil Med J]
Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2023; 54(2): 80-87 | DOI: 10.14744/zkmj.2022.57984

Nutritional status and depression during pregnancy

Pınar Geyik1, Elvan Yılmaz Akyüz2
1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Health Sciences, Türkiye. Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children’s Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Health Sciences, Hamidiye Health Sciences Faculty, İstanbul, Türkiye

INTRODUCTION: During the pregnancy, the mood may be changeable and depression may have negative consequences for pregnant and infants. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between nutritional status and depression in all trimesters.
METHODS: The study was conducted with 140 women who were in the 1st trimester of pregnancy and admitted to the Pregnancy Unit of Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital of Health Sciences University. In this study the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was administered, and personal information and 24-h food consumption were recorded. This scale and dietary record were repeated in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters.
RESULTS: According to EPDS scores, In the 1st and 2nd trimesters, the weekly consumption frequency of milk, yogurt, red meat, and legumes were significantly different in terms of the risk of depression (p<0.05). In all trimesters, the weekly consumption frequency of fish and types of bread were significantly different according to EPDS scores (p<0.05). Dietary energy, protein, fat, tryptophan, and iron were found to be correlated with EPDS scores in all trimesters (p<0.0001).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Pregnancy depression may affect the woman and the fetus negatively. For example, depression may cause developmental retardation in the fetus. The fact that some foods and regular consumption of meals are associated with depression shows that the risk of depression in pregnant women may be affected by nutrition.

Keywords: Depression, mood, nutrients, pregnancy nutrition.

Pınar Geyik, Elvan Yılmaz Akyüz. Nutritional status and depression during pregnancy. Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2023; 54(2): 80-87

Corresponding Author: Pınar Geyik, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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