Legal Arrangement Attempts of Different Countries about Malpractice: Compulsory Financial Liability Insurance Approaches
Introduction and Aim: The word malpractice is derived from latin as mala-praxis which means occupational fault with unreasonable skill or lack of care. If damage occurs after a medical invasive procedure, this damage occu criminal and jural responsibility risk for healthcare staffs, in the case of general responsibility rules. Nowadays, the increasing number of suits of the healthcare staffs because of medical praxis faults cause anxiety. This study analyse the legal arrangement attempts of different countries about malpractice and the approachs of compulsory financial liability insurance in recent years.
Material and methods: In this study, Sweden, U.S.A, Germany, Finland, Japan and Turkey where the concept of malpractice is considered and the studies on malpractice forms basis, are analysed.
Results: : In all six countries, the studies engage the concept of malpractice actively and the legal arrangements have been developed. Due to the analysation of the faults, in all countries the faults which are caused from surgical intervention, are the most common ones, the doctors are the dominant group in terms of the bringing suits and in all countries except Finland, the healthcare staffs are faced with a lawsuit as a result of the faults. Among all countries, the highest indemnity and so the highest insurance company premium present in U.S.A. In all analysed countries extensive studies are being done to prevent the medical faults.
Conclusion: To prevent the medical faults, the healthcare staffs should be informed about precaution praxis and it is important to do the faults notification and melioration studies.