E-ISSN 2757-8062
Volume : 54 Issue : 2 Year : 2024

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Zeynep Kamil Medical Journal
Effect of gender and parental educational level on Denver Developmental Screening Test-II in healthy children aged 6 months to 6 years [Zeynep Kamil Med J]
Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2023; 54(2): 97-101 | DOI: 10.14744/zkmj.2022.88156

Effect of gender and parental educational level on Denver Developmental Screening Test-II in healthy children aged 6 months to 6 years

Nazan Neslihan Doğan1, Nedim Samancı1, Erdal Sarı2
1Department of Pediatrics, Bezmialem Valide Sultan Vakıf Gureba Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Pediatrics, University of Health Sciences, Türkiye. Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children’s Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye

INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to evaluate healthy children using the Denver Developmental Screening Test-II (DDST-II) and to investigate the relationship between developmental outcomes, gender, and parents’ educational level.
METHODS: Children aged between 6 months and 6 years who had no underlying disease were evaluated using the DDST-II. The test results and demographical data were recorded.
RESULTS: Among the 114 enrolled children, 100 cases (46 girls and 54 boys) were evaluated using the DDST-II. According to the results, 86% of the study population had normal development and 14% had abnormal development. When we compared children in terms of gender, there was no significant difference between the DDST-II test results and the success rates in personal-social (PS), fine motor, gross motor, and language development observed (p>0.05). However, a significant relationship was detected between DDST-II success rates and maternal education level (p=0.001). The language development of the children of mothers with a higher education level was also significantly better (p=0.021). The low educational level of the fathers was found to be related to the children’s abnormal developmental findings (p=0.005).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The maternal educational level directly determines the success rates of the DDST-II and the language skills of their children. Paternal educational level affects children with abnormal developmental findings. No gender-related differences were found in PS, fine motor, gross motor, and language areas of DDST-II.

Keywords: Children, Denver Developmental Screening Test II, education, gender.

Nazan Neslihan Doğan, Nedim Samancı, Erdal Sarı. Effect of gender and parental educational level on Denver Developmental Screening Test-II in healthy children aged 6 months to 6 years. Zeynep Kamil Med J. 2023; 54(2): 97-101

Corresponding Author: Nazan Neslihan Doğan, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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