INTRODUCTION: The outcome of preterm neonates varies in different hospitals in developing countries. Due to monitoring the effectiveness of current practice, every hospital should evaluate their own surveillance of up-todate outcome of the infants. The aim of this study is to establish the morbidity and mortality of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants admitted to a referral hospital in Istanbul, Turkey and to analyze risk factors associated with poor outcome.
METHODS: The files of the neonates (≤ 32 gestational weeks, ≤ 1500 g birth weight) who were born and hospitalized in Neonatology unit between January 1, 2010- 2011 at Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Childrens Training and Research Hospital were investigated retrospectively. Risk factors were analyzed using logistic regression models.
RESULTS: Of all, 154/370 (41.6%) infants died. The main reasons of mortality were respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) (39.2%), congenital anomalies (14.4%), pulmonary hemorrhage (13.7%), and sepsis (12.4%). In the infants who survived the incidence of retinopathy of
prematurity was 49.6%; of RDS, 44.7%; of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, 29.7%; of patent ductus arteriosus, 21.8%; of intraventricular hemorrhage, 18.6%; of necrotizing enterocolitis, 13%. Lower birth weight, resuscitation at delivery room, RDS, acute renal failure, and umbilical venous catheterization were negatively; cesarean delivery and physiological weight loss were positively correlated with mortality
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Even with modern perinatal care, deaths of VLBW infants are still common in our hospital in which high risk pregnancies or without follow up pregnancies admitted. Lower birth weight was the significant risk factor for death and short-term disability